Types of Sleep Disorders

Types of Sleep Disorders Include:

» Dyssomnias
A broad category of sleep disorders characterized by either hypersomnolence or insomnia. The three major subcategories include intrinsic (i.e., arising from within the body), extrinsic (secondary to environmental conditions or various pathologic conditions), and disturbances of circadian rhythm. MeSH

» Insomnia:
Insomnia is often a symptom of a mood disorder (i.e., emotional stress, anxiety, depression) or underlying health condition (i.e., asthma, diabetes, heart disease, pregnancy or neurological conditions).

» Narcolepsy:
A chronic neurological disorder (or dyssomnia), which is caused by the brain's inability to control sleep and wakefulness.

Sleep disordered breathing (SDB), including (non exhaustive):
» Several types of Sleep apnea
» Snoring
» Upper airway resistance syndrome
» Restless leg syndrome
» Periodic limb movement disorder
» Hypersomnia
» Recurrent hypersomnia - including Kleine-Levin syndrome
» Posttraumatic hypersomnia
» "Healthy" hypersomnia
» Circadian rhythm sleep disorders
» Delayed sleep phase syndrome
» Advanced sleep phase syndrome
» Non-24-hour sleep-wake syndrome

» Parasomnias
A category of sleep disorders that involve abnormal and unnatural movements, behaviors, emotions, perceptions, and dreams in connection with sleep.

» REM sleep behaviour disorder.

» Sleep terror (or Pavor nocturnus)
Characterized by a sudden arousal from deep sleep with a scream or cry, accompanied by some behavioral manifestations of intense fear.

» Sleepwalking (or somnambulism)
» Bruxism (Tooth-grinding)
» Bedwetting or sleep enuresis.
» Sleep talking (or somniloquy)
» Sleep sex (or sexsomnia)
» Exploding head syndrome - Waking up in the night hearing loud noises.
» Medical or Psychiatric Conditions that may produce sleep disorders
» Psychosis (such as Schizophrenia)
» Mood disorders
» Depression
» Anxiety
» Panic
» Alcoholism
» Sleeping sickness - a parasitic disease which can be transmitted by the Tsetse fly.